Suspend Process Instance in JavaDelegate

Dear Community,

I am trying to suspend a process instance in one of its service tasks. I did it like described in Camunda synchronous process instance wont suspend - Stack Overflow

However, doing it like that I get an optimistic locking exception. Apparently, when I suspend the process instance at the same time the process engine finishes the Java Delegate and wants to write that to the DB as well.

So, as a workaround I included a Thread#sleep for testing purposes. Now the process engine behaves funny. The Java Delegate repeats getting executed. Why is that?

The code of my JavaDelegate

public class DataFetchDelegate implements JavaDelegate {

	public void execute(DelegateExecution execution) throws Exception {

		RuntimeService runtimeService = execution.getProcessEngineServices().getRuntimeService();

		String pid = execution.getProcessInstanceId();

		VariableMap variables = Variables//
				.putValue("processInstanceToSuspend", pid);
		runtimeService.startProcessInstanceByKey("Process_Suspension", variables);

		System.out.println("Suspending Process Instance ...");



Any hint is appreciated.

Hi @philipp.hehnle,

Each JavaDelegateis executed by a job executor. A job that gets stuck, may prevent the completion of the process. Therefore, a timeout is implemented. This timeout is configurable via the property camunda.bpm.job-execution.lock-time-in-millis the default is 300000. Can it be, that the lock time is too restrictive?

I did not change this property. So, it should still be the default value.

Hi @philipp.hehnle,

Is your delegate called by a service task?
I assume that the following is happening:

  1. Your delegate is called
  2. You suspend the process
  3. You add the Thread sleep
  4. Your delegate completes BUT fails because its process instance has been suspended and completing a task would advance the token, which is an invalid operation for suspended processes. Since the delegate failed, the service task will be repeated.

You can try using a TaskListener or an ExecutionListener.

1 Like

Hi @StephanHaarmann,

I tried the same setup with an execution listener. I get the same result.

Your assumption seems plausible. Can you think of a way to get it working?

Hi @philipp.hehnle,

Below is a great simple example created by @Niall

Notice: “Suspend this instance” service task is synchronously executed.